Parenting Styles Chart: benefits and drawbacks of each parenting style

Parenting styles psychology

Use the parenting styles chart below for a quick recap on the types of parenting styles developed by psychologist Diana Baumrind in the 1960s. Dr. Baumrind originally identified three main parenting styles—authoritarian, indulgent, and authoritative parenting style. Later psychologist added a fourth parenting style —neglectful creating the “4 types of parenting styles” of parenting styles psychology.

Types of parenting styles

However a number other parenting styles have become common that fall under one of the 4 types of parenting so the parenting styles chart below actually list 16 parenting styles to help parents quickly and easily see the pros and cons of various parenting styles.

Parenting Styles Chart

Parenting StyleKey FeaturesBenefitsPotential Drawbacks
AuthoritarianStrict rules, punishment for rule-breaking, limited communicationCreates structured environmentMay result in children exhibiting aggressive behavior
Permissive/IndulgentLiberal affection, minimal discipline, lots of freedomChild’s needs/wants are prioritizedCould result in immature behavior
AuthoritativeClear rules, consistent discipline, open communicationChildren are happier, confident, and socially competentRequires balance to not become authoritarian or permissive
Uninvolved/NeglectfulLimited communication, indifference, uninvolved in decision makingLess pressure on the childNegatively affects child’s mental and physical health
Free-RangeEncourages independence, allows room for mistakesFosters self-reliance and problem-solvingCould lead to risky situations
HelicopterOver-involvement in child’s life, micromanagementClose relationship with childMay hinder development of independence
SnowplowRemoving obstacles, providing structured environmentHelps the child achieve their goalsCould inhibit problem-solving skills
LighthouseEncourages independence, provides support and guidancePromotes self-awareness, allows room for mistakesNeed to balance guidance and freedom
AttachmentProvides physical comfort, builds trust, spends quality timeFosters a secure attachment, encourages emotional intelligenceCould lead to over-dependency
TigerHigh expectations, constant monitoring, clear rulesPromotes discipline and high achievementMight cause undue stress and pressure
StrictClear rules, consistent discipline, encourages open communicationInstills discipline, encourages responsible decision makingMay limit child’s creativity and independence
High AchievementClear expectations, focus on growth, open communicationFosters resilience, promotes high performanceCould put excessive pressure on the child
NegotiationEncourages communication, allows room for compromiseBuilds problem-solving skills, fosters mutual respectDecisions may lack maturity or foresight
New AgeInclusive, positive reinforcement, flexibleFosters creativity, respects individualityCould result in lack of structure or discipline
Child-ledRespects individual needs, allows for self-expressionPromotes autonomy and problem-solvingLack of guidelines might put child’s safety at risk
DisciplinarianFirm rules, consistent discipline, reinforces good behaviorEstablishes discipline and respectMay negatively impact child’s self-esteem
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Final Thoughts: What is the most efficient parenting style

Every parent does not neatly fit into one of these categories we encourage parents to use the parenting styles chart below as a cheat sheet of the most common parenting style then pick and choose aspects of parenting styles to develop a more customized and personalized parenting approach, depending on the needs of the child and what style they respond to best. The following article explains in more detail on how to:

Unlock the Secret of Your Perfect Parenting Style Now!

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