Phonological awareness vs phonemic awareness

What is phonological awareness

Phonological awareness is about your child’s ability to explore sounds and words, and it has nothing to do with the visual alphabet. Improving your phonological skills can helps to improve reading comprehension skills. Scientific research has recorded that phonological awareness is a better predictor of reading success than IQ, vocabulary, or socioeconomic level of the household.

What is phonemic awareness

Phonemes is basically a scientific term for sound and phonics is the magic key that unlocks the relationship between sounds (phonemes) and their spellings (graphemes). There are 44 phonemes in the English language.

Phonological awareness vs phonemic awareness
Phonological awareness is the ability to recognize and manipulate speech sounds
Phonemic awareness is
the ability to identify and manipulate individual sounds in spoken words.

Research Supports Early Phonological Awareness Instruction

Research has actually revealed that kids who start reading instruction with adequately phonological awareness understand what they are learning better, they also master the alphabetic principle quicker and learn to read rather easily.

Children who will later on be identified as being dyslexic frequently do not have phonological abilities. Teaching these skills has actually been shown in research study to prevent the incident of dyslexia in lots of children. Accordingly, lots of school systems now follow a program of early screening for phonics skills.

Possibly the most amazing finding originating from research on phonological awareness phonics skills can be taught and phonics based learning works and has a significant influence on a child’s reading and spelling accomplishments.

Why Is Phonological Awareness Important?

An awareness of phonemes is needed to grasp alphabet concepts that the english language is based on. Reading becomes easier after young reader master phonics skill. When young children are able to use letter-sounds to read and decode words by breaking words into individual sounds (phonemes) and that phonemes can be mixed up to form words then that is the key to reading success.

5 levels of phonological awareness


The ability to separate letter sounds and syllables

Blending and splitting

Pairing unpairing of letters to make words

Rhyming and Alliteration

Matching sounds at the beginning and ending of words

Comparing and Contrasting

To know the difference between words and letter sounds.


The changing of individual letter sounds of a word

Phonics skills is a strong predictor reading success.

Researchers have shown that this strong relationship between phonics and reading success continues throughout school. Early reading is dependent on getting letter sounds and how the make words. Basically, success in early reading depends on building a level of phonics skills. .

Developing phonological awareness

Phonics is process of breaking words into different individual sounds. some examples of phonological awareness is a kid who can tell you when two words rhyme and when two words begin with the exact same sound. When two words end with the exact same sound. Phonics skills can tell you that “bat” and “sit” end with the very same sound however “bat” and “sad” do not end with the very same noise. Phonics is a common term that includes phonemic awareness. In addition, to phonemes.

Phonological activities

Can involve practicing rhymes, syllables, onsets, and words. The secret to the it is learning to associate different sounds with written words. The word feline includes 3 clearly various sounds.

In addition to determining phonics sounds, kids need to also have the ability to manipulate them. Segmenting words into their individual sounds, rhyming words, and blending sounds to make words.

When kids show the understanding of rhyme and alliteration, it means they have reached reading readiness. For many kids, this starts extremely early in the course of their language development and can be accelerated with a regular read aloud of books that are based on rhyme or alliteration.

Nursery rhymes: The key to early Phonological Awareness

Early experience with nursery rhymes can help kids begin to discover and understand the phonological structure of words. Numerous research study studies have actually shown that the children who know more about nursery rhymes at age 3, are those that tend to be more advanced in reading at age 6.

You do not have to stop with nursery rhymes though. Read rhyming books and singing rhyming tunes help children recognize the rhyming words and letter sounds and sound blends.

Phonics Activities

  • Play games that teach children to isolate specific sounds in a word. This game can be played with the “BINGO” song. There was a letter that had a sound and you can say it with me r, r, r, like run…
  • Play the game– “Guess the First Sound in this Word” This can be done verbally or with pictures.

When kids learn how to listen to letter sounds, they are likewise discovering to connect oral language with the written word. Once they hear, know, and have the ability to manipulate sounds, they start to realize how words work reading is a piece of cake.

Leave a Reply